Even though we already knew this, it took a while to formally announce it.

The AP breaking news reports:


The Obama administration in the U.S. has withdrawn all military aid to Rwanda; quickly followed by the UK.

The writing is on the wall – Museveni and Kagame may one day join Charles Taylor at the jail in Hague.

There is a parallel between what former Liberian leader Charles Taylor (currently serving a long jail term at the Hague) did to neighbouring Sierra Leone. Former Liberian President Taylor backed and funded rebels in Sierra Leone just like Kagame and Museveni are now being accused of doing the same (backing M23 rebels) in Congo.

Just yesterday the trio of Museveni, Kagame and Kabila came together in a tense meeting pushed by the U.S. State Department. Ironically Kagame and Museveni are pushing Kabila to negotiate  and incorporate into government the M-23 – a rebel outfit whose de facto leader is ICC fugitive Bosco Ntaganda.

The ICC must be carefully watching every move by Kagame and Museveni. Meanwhile UN headquarters in New York was abuzz with the French and U.S. already mulling possible sanctions against Rwanda. It’s just a matter of time before Uganda is officially nabbed in the raft of sanctions.

M23 takeover of Goma. While the backers had an ambitious plot to topple Kabila, the international community pulled a fast one by publishing the UN report exposing Kagame and Museveni exactly as Charles-Taylor-like warlords. It is said Museveni was shaken by these events – he initially thought only Kagame would be in hot soup.


UN Report appended below

I have gone though the entire damning UN report and here is my comprehensive summary.

Paul Kagame is ultimately headed to the ICC (Hague)

The writing is on the wall; evidence of war crimes and genocide are overwhelming as per the UN report; US-versus-Chinese imperial interests in the mineral rich Congo-Rwanda corridor have clashed badly; and US continued protection of Kagame is now untenable!


  • Rwanda is the gateway through which the strategic mineral resources of the eastern provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo reach the international market.
  • The UN Panel of Experts report explicitly states that Rwanda (& partly Uganda) have been responsible for the illegal trafficking of gold, coltan and cassiterite from areas of the DRC controlled by Rwandan-backed militias.
  • All these minerals are vital for mobile phones, computers and other modern electronic devices; and most of them have ended up in the US (chief beneficiary of the blood-stained robbery).
  • According to the UN experts, in the year 2000 alone, the Rwandan army made $250 million (equivalent to Kshs 20 billion) out of this trade.
  • Despite evidence that the civilian population of the Congo has been abused, the US previously turned a blind eye to Rwanda’s involvement in terrible crimes in DRC – because they were strategically benefiting from the cheaply supplied minerals!
  • The Obama administration lobbied for the Congo Conflict Minerals Act which was passed by US Congress in 2009 to try and end the looting; but never mentioned Rwanda at all.
  • With an underperforming job-starved economy, President Obama was until his 2012 re-election effectively subdued by wealthy US lobbyists representing beneficiaries in the trade – mobile phone companies like AT &T, Motorola and Verizon; the computer industry at Silicon Valley – IBM, Hewlett Packard, Intel and Apple; electronic manufacturers; Wall Street and international money transfer businesses etc.
  • Elections are now over and President Obama is revisiting this matter – make no mistake.

Kagame’s greatest strategic mistake has been his open-ended liaison with China; which has now harmed his previously healthy relationship with the US. Just 3 years ago, Kagame signed a big trade deal with China with a new Chinese embassy being opened in Kigali, Rwanda. Quickly after, trade between China and Rwanda had quadrupled.

When Kagame heard a lot of noise coming from the US Congress regarding mineral-related-atrocities in Eastern Congo, culminating in the passage of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street and Consumer Protection Reform – which demanded that computer and electronic companies must demonstrate that their minerals did not come from the DRC – the Rwandan President committed a fatal (figurative sp.) mistake.



Kagame’s Fatal Mistake : Competing Railway Lines

  • Kagame’s fatal mistake was in unilaterally seeking China and Southeast Asia as an alternative market to the mineral-extraction from Congo. Kagame was seeing Sanyo, Sony, JVC, Samsung, Haier, Lenovo, Midea, Hisense, and TCL as potential business partners at the expense of US interests – precisely for minerals that don’t even exist in Rwanda but rather looted from Congo. Kagame had gone over his own head.
  • US State Department cables released by Wikileaks show that Washington was devastated by Kagame’s contract to China to build a railway traversing Rwanda through the East Coast of Tanzania at port of Dar es Salaam.
  • China’s control of this transportation infrastructure investment would mean it controls the new gateway of the minerals out of Congo – to its (Chinese) electronic, computer and affiliated industries – all at the exclusion of US, UK, and the EU.
  • That throws a spanner in the works between US and Congo who had simultaneous plans to connect a railway line from the mineral zone of Eastern Congo to DRC’s own port of Matadi.
  • President Kabila had specifically advocated for connecting a railway line between Goma (now in the hands of M23 rebels) and Kindu which would then link to existing lines connecting to Kinshasa and Matadi port. Congo’s partners in the EU and US were willing to fund this project so long as it would remain corruption-free. The competing line being funded by the Chinese – through Rwanda and Tanzania – is being rushed to undermine the rival intra-Congolese line.



  • Just like that, the US which had previously turned a blind eye to Kagame’s blatant record of war crimes in neighboring DRC, now had no motivation to continue protecting him.
  • In fact, they not only pushed for the publication of the UN report, but also cut aid (starting with military) to Rwanda (alongside Britain and EU countries).
  • It only takes reading of the UN report to quickly see where this is going. I can state without fear of contradiction that Rwandan President Paul Kagame is ultimately headed to the ICC court at the Hague.

The UN report

The report was mandated by the UN to investigate war crimes and crimes against humanity in the Congo in the hope that there could be accountability for the violence. Despite taking more than a year to be released, this damning report paves way for possible prosecution of Rwandan President Paul Kagame for war crimes, possible genocide (the wording of the unedited report is explicit) and crimes against humanity.

The report links him and his Defense Minister in continuing to support the rebel militia M23, operating near Goma in Eastern Congo’s Kivu province.

Based on this report, the Obama administration has already cut military aid to Rwanda.

  • The report further links Kagame and his Defense Minister to Rwanda-born ICC-wanted fugitive General Bosco Ntaganda, a former member of Kagame’s Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA).
  • The report provides corroborated evidence of Rwanda sending arms and other supplies to M23 rebels.
    • The most damning conclusion of the report is that the crimes committed by the RPA/AFDL and its recent mutants like M23 (same rebel outfit given new names in an attempt to escape legal elements in the Rome Statutes) against Hutu refugees and Congolese Hutu constitute a crime of GENOCIDE.
    • Thus whereas Kagame came to power under the claim of stopping genocide against the Tutsi, he himself has now joined the ranks of genocidiaries systematically targeting the Hutu in Congo… who have been subjected to rape, torture, murder, and mass displacement.
    • It is now all out in the open…in a credible UN report…with evidence that can actually sustain prosecution at the ICC court in the Hague…very credible and neutral accounts of mass killings of Congolese and Rwandan Hutu civilians…corroborated by eyewitnesses.
    • It’s no wonder Rwanda wanted the UN report edited to remove the word “genocide”.
    • Paragraph 517 of the report states:
      The systematic and widespread attacks… which targeted very large numbers of Rwandan Hutu refugees and members of the Hutu civilian population, resulting in their death, reveal a number of damning elements that, if they were proven before a competent court, could be classified as crimes of genocide. The behaviour of certain elements of the AFDL/APR in respect of the Hutu refugees and Hutu populations settled in Zaire at this time seems to equate to “a manifest pattern of similar conduct directed against that group”, from which a court could even deduce the existence of a genocidal plan. “Whilst the existence of such a plan may contribute to establishing the required genocidal intention, it is nonetheless only an element of proof used to deduce such an intention and not a legal element of genocide.”
    • ·         The killings did not spare women, children and the elderly as shown in Paragraphs 517 and 518 and the parting shot of the report is quite telling:

It will be for a court with proper jurisdiction to rule on this question of genocide”.


  1. Obama tells Rwanda to end DRC rebel support

    US President Barack Obama on Tuesday called on Rwandan President Paul Kagame to end all support for rebels in the conflict-wracked Democratic Republic of Congo, the White House said.

    The White House issued the strongly worded statement about the leaders’ call after Washington imposed sanctions on two top leaders of the M23 rebel group, saying they had used child soldiers and singled out children as targets.

    In his telephone conversation with Kagame, Obama “underscored that any support to the rebel group M23 is inconsistent with Rwanda’s desire for stability and peace,” the White House said.

    Obama stressed to Kagame “the importance of permanently ending all support to armed groups in the DRC, abiding by the recent commitments he made… and reaching a transparent and credible political agreement that includes an end to impunity for M23 commanders and others” who committed rights abuses, it said.

    The DR Congo government has been battling the M23, former army soldiers who UN experts say are backed by Rwanda, since they launched a mutiny in April.

    Several of the group’s leaders have been hit by UN sanctions over alleged atrocities.

    Obama called for a political agreement in DR Congo that “addresses the underlying regional security, economic and governance issues while upholding the DRC’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.”

    The White House said he had delivered the same message to DRC President Joseph Kabila.

    During their talks, Obama and Kagame also discussed the DRC’s “longstanding governance problems,” according to the White House.

    “President Obama welcomed President Kagame’s commitment to moving forward in finding a peaceful solution for eastern DRC,” it added.

    Also on Tuesday, the United States launched a fresh appeal for the arrest and prosecution of two rebel leaders from Rwanda and DR Congo wanted by the International Criminal Court for war crimes.

    Sylvestre Mudacumura, the head of Rwanda’s main Hutu rebel group and DR Congo’s Bosco Ntaganda, an ex-general who spurred the ongoing mutiny in the east, are both the subject of outstanding ICC warrants.



  2. the interesting thing about this revelation is for how long it has been allowed to go on while the west turned a blind eye to it

    it has been pretty evident that rwanda definitely has sponsored activities in the DRC. i have also read about 4 or five years back an article where the author tabled evidence of mass atrocities by RPF but because the victims had already previously been labeled as agents of genocidal massacres, they had no one to stand up for them.

    its very clear that there is a very delicate ethnic balance/strife in this region. this is worsened by the commercial interests of the neighbours in the region who being far from the conflict can afford to cause or sponsor the military strife for commercial gain.

    this is going to be one ugly mess when the IDPs and numerous militia finally return to their homes


    • Kagame’s Trojan Horse in Kinshasa

      By Yaa-Lengi Ngemi

      Yaa-Lengi Ngemi is the president of the Congo Coalition, which is based in New York.

      November 29, 2012

      The outside world must come to grips with the fact that Rwandan President Paul Kagame controls an important region of Congo.

      Since 1996, the Tutsi-led Rwandan government has pretty much controlled Congo’s eastern provinces of North and South Kivu, mostly by militias financed and trained by the Rwandan Army. “During these 12 years of Rwandan control,” wrote Herman Cohen in a 2008 New York Times Op-Ed, “the mineral-rich provinces have been economically integrated into Rwanda.”

      According to Colum Lynch of Foreign Policy, the M23 movement was founded by rogue officers from the Congolese army. But a leaked confidential U.N. panel report alleged that the group essentially takes its orders from James Kabarebe, Rwanda’s defense minister.

      This past July, Stephen Rapp, head of Obama’s war crimes office, warned President Kagame that his support of M23 could land him at the International Criminal Court like Charles Taylor. Why is the United States waiting to act on this threat? Why is the United Nations seemingly helpless?

      Here’s the problem: Kagame, Congolese President Joseph Kabila and the Ugandan president, Yoweri Museveni, all Tutsis, have been making fools out of the world community by switching leaders in eastern Congo every time the International Criminal Court demands the arrest of war criminals to which they are tied.

      Kagame’s lobby in the United States has successfully won support in the U.S. government. Meanwhile I think that Kabila, who is known by diplomats in Kinshasa as “le petit Rwandais,” is Kagame’s trojan horse in Kinshasa.


    • Museveni in Russia to procure arms!

      It’s not oil for development…but oil for arms!!!!

      Typical African madness!!! What a way to utilize waste Uganda’s resources?

      With aid cuts starting to bite, Uganda’s militarist and strongman Museveni is auctioning Uganda’s oil for arms. Why is he arming self to the teeth? I guess letting go of Congo’s minerals will be a painful and protracted ordeal.



  3. Rwanda’s Kagame skips Kampala summit on Congo

    Congolese women, dressed in black, stage a demonstration in Kinshasa asking for peace in the east of the country. Photo | AFP

    Regional leaders met in Kampala Saturday to try to resolve the crisis in DR Congo, where a rebel advance has sparked fears of a wider conflict breaking out in the chronically unstable east of sub-Saharan Africa’s largest country.

    But the summit was proceeding without a key player, Rwandan President Paul Kagame, whose country the United Nations has accused of backing the DR Congo rebels, a charge that Rwanda denies.

    Kagame had been expected to attend, but a Ugandan foreign ministry official told AFP shortly before the meeting started that the president was not coming and would instead be represented by his foreign minister, Louise Mushikiwabo.

    No reason was provided for the absence.

    The international community has raised alarm over the lightning advance by the M23 rebels in DR Congo’s mineral-rich but underdeveloped eastern Kivu region, where the insurgents seized the regional capital of Goma and a neighbouring smaller town in less than a week.

    The advance has displaced tens of thousands of civilians, sparked warnings of a humanitarian disaster, and raised fears that a wider conflict could again erupt in the area, the cradle of two wars that shook DR Congo over the past several decades.

    DR Congo President Joseph Kabila flew in for Saturday’s summit in Kampala that also included the presidents of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania.

    The leaders were to discuss a plan that army chiefs had been working on Friday night to oversee an M23 pull-out from Goma, Ugandan Foreign Minister Sam Kutesa told journalists ahead of the meeting.

    “A mechanism or plan is being worked out to get them to withdraw,” Kutesa said.

    Kutesa called on the Congolese government forces to halt attacks on M23 in order to allow any peace plan to work.

    “It is important that if they (the rebels) have been asked to halt then they should not be attacked,” Kutesa said.

    An M23 delegation was also in Kampala, but not at the summit, which is officially reserved for the nations of the 11-member International Conference on the Great Lakes Regions.

    M23’s political leader Jean-Marie Runiga Lugerero was expecting to hold separate talks with Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni later in the day.

    “There has not been a meeting yet. We are still waiting,” said Rene Abandi, head of external relations for M23’s political wing.

    The rebels captured Goma, the capital of North Kivu province, on Tuesday after less than a week of fighting before taking the key town of Sake 20 kilometres to the west the next day.

    What next?

    Reports on Saturday said the situation was calm but tense in both towns.

    President Kabila had met with the leaders of Rwanda and Uganda immediately following the fall of Goma and the three leaders issued a joint statement urging the rebels to pull out of the city.

    The M23 has refused to withdraw unless Kabila agrees to direct peace talks with the group.

    The UN has also accused Uganda of backing the M23 rebels, charges that Uganda denies.

    Rwanda’s President Kagame was due to hold talks with his counterpart from the Congo Republic, Denis Sassou-Nguesso later on Saturday, according to sources in both capitals.

    Members of Sassou’s delegation had already arrived Friday in the Rwandan capital.

    After the fall of the city of Goma a week ago, officials of the North Kivu province have momentarily established their new capital in the town of Beni, about 400 km north of Goma. Feler Lutahishirwa, the vice-governor of the province, told the reporters that Beni would host the provincial administration until a solution was found regarding Goma.

    Beni is located at the crossroads of the Trans-Africa road which is proposed to link the cities of Lagos and Mombasa through Kisangani, Kampala and Nairobi. It also planned to link the cities of Cape Town and Cairo through Lusaka, Lubumbashi, Bukavu, Goma, Bunia and Khartoum.

    The key problem is how to find office spaces for the 20 provincial ministers and 35 MPs. Julien Paluku, the governor of the province is currently in Kampala, Uganda, where he is taking part in the various meetings targeting to find a sustainable solution to the unrest prevailing in and around the city of Goma.

    Beni-based journalist James Muhindo told Africa Review that the whole attention of people is focused on the ongoing meetings being held in Kampala. “We have been pleased to hear that Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, Paul Kagame of Rwanda and Joseph Kabila of DRC have urged the M23 rebels to leave the city of Goma. We do hope that a solution will be found in Kampala before the rebels try to take the city of Beni,” he said.

    A new rebel movement, called the Union for the Rehabilitation of Democracy in DRC, which is close to Mbusa Nyamwisi – a current member of Parliament – been created in the surroundings of Beni, specifically in Kasindi at the DRC-Uganda border.

    Residents fear the new group could link up with the M23 rebels. Beni district is already home to two other rebellions which against the Ugandan government, namely the National Army for the Liberation of Uganda and the Allied Defence Forces.



  4. Fighting in DR Congo after rebels reject calls to end offensive

    Fighting erupted in the Democratic Republic of Congo on Thursday after rebels defiantly rejected international calls to pull out of the strategic city of Goma and end an offensive that has stoked fears of a wider conflict and humanitarian catastrophe.

    As reports about renewed violence in the country’s volatile east poured in President Joseph Kabila sacked the chief of land forces over UN accusations he runs a huge arms smuggling network supplying Congolese rebels and other groups, a spokesman said.

    Government spokesman Lambert Mende said the dismissal was temporary, pending a “thorough investigation”.

    General Gabriel Amisi’s sacking came two days after the regular FARDC forces suffered a humiliating setback when the M23 rebel group drove them out of the main eastern city of Goma.

    A report by the UN Group of Experts on the DRC accuses Amisi of overseeing a network that provides arms and ammunitions to poachers and armed groups, including some with links to the M23.

    The M23 rebel group’s political leader insisted it would not withdraw from Goma, which the fighters captured easily despite the presence of UN peacekeepers, unless Kabila agrees to peace talks.

    “There must first be a dialogue with President Kabila,” Bishop Jean-Marie Runiga Lugerero told AFP by telephone, before heading to Uganda where he was summoned for urgent talks with President Yoweri Museveni.

    The Ugandan leader had issued a joint call with Kabila and Rwandan President Paul Kagame at emergency talks in Kampala Wednesday for the rebels to withdraw and is due to hold a regional summit on the crisis on Saturday.

    A UN report has accused both Uganda and Rwanda of backing the M23, claims both countries strongly deny.

    International alarm about the unrest in the war-blighted central African nation has mounted since the mainly ethnic Tutsi rebels on Tuesday overran Goma, the main city in the mineral-rich North Kivu region on the shores of Lake Kivu.

    Fighting flared Thursday around the town of Sake a day after it was captured by the advancing rebels, causing thousands of people to flee, many carrying mattresses on their heads, an AFP photographer said.

    Explosions from shells and mortar bombs and the rattle of automatic machine-gun fire could be heard as plumes of smoke billowed into the sky over Sake, which lies about 30 kilometres northwest of Goma.

    In Goma itself, shops reopened, residents returned and there was no sign of the M23 gangs which had been patrolling the streets earlier in the week, but water supplies remained cut.

    The rebels, who first launched their uprising in April, have threatened to march all the way to the capital Kinshasa, about 1,500 kilometres (950 miles) away.

    “The M23 has specific problems and demands but there are also broader problems with democracy in the DRC on social issues, governance and human rights,” Runiga Lugerero told AFP.

    The demand for Kabila to stand down was echoed by the opposition Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS) whose leader Etienne Tshisekedi ran against the president in last year’s hotly disputed elections.

    UN envoy Roger Meece said Wednesday the rebels had carried out “summary executions” of local leaders in their sweep across the east, noting that they were “well provisioned and well supplied with uniforms and a variety of arms and ammunitions”.

    The United Nations and other humanitarian groups have reported killings, abductions, looting and extortion of civilians and fears of a humanitarian catastrophe were growing.

    In a report published Wednesday that was first leaked last month, the UN charged that Rwanda was backing the rebels with troops and guns while Uganda also provided aid.

    It said the M23 chain of command included wanted war crimes suspect Bosco Ntaganda, and was headed by Rwandan Defence Minister James Kabarebe.

    A Security Council resolution on Tuesday condemned all external support for the rebels in violation of a UN arms embargo and called for wider sanctions against M23 leaders, a stance echoed by the United States.

    The UN, which has around 1,500 “quick reaction” peacekeepers in Goma among around 6,700 troops across North Kivu, was forced to defend its peacekeepers after Goma fell, with a spokesman saying a battle for the city would have endangered civilians.

    British Prime Minister David Cameron on Thursday urged Kagame to put pressure on the M23 to pull out of Goma, arguing Rwanda had yet to provide any evidence that it had no links to the M23.

    Aid group Oxfam has described the situation as “a humanitarian catastrophe on a massive scale”, saying that 760,000 people had been displaced across the east this year.

    Meanwhile, the International Criminal Court called Wednesday for the urgent arrest of wanted war crimes suspect Ntaganda, a former army general nicknamed the “Terminator”, and Sylvestre Mudacumura, the commander of Hutu militia group the FDLR.

    Both are wanted on suspicion of war crimes and crimes against humanity in DR Congo.

    The former Belgian colony is one of the world’s least developed countries despite a wealth of cobalt, copper, diamonds, gold and coltan, a key component of mobile phones.



  5. British PM pushes Rwandan president on M23

    British Prime Minister David Cameron on Thursday urged Rwandan President Paul Kagame to put pressure on the M23 rebel group to withdraw from the Democratic Republic of Congo city Goma.

    He also pressed Kagame to prove that the M23 had no links to the Rwandan government.

    Cameron, attending a European Union summit in Brussels, called Kagame and DRC President Joseph Kabila and urged them to implement the communique they signed along with Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni.

    “He used the calls to welcome the joint communique signed by Presidents Kagame, Kabila and Museveni condemning the M23 rebel group and calling on them to pull out of Goma,” a Downing Street spokesman said.

    “He encouraged both leaders to do all they could to translate the communique into action.

    “The prime minister urged President Kagame to do everything he could to put pressure on the M23 to withdraw from Goma.

    “He made clear that the international community could not ignore evidence of Rwandan involvement with the M23, and that President Kagame needed to show that the government of Rwanda had no links to the M23.

    “The prime minister then spoke to President Kabila to encourage him to work closely with Rwanda and Uganda to implement the communique. He discussed with President Kabila what more could be done to promote stability and security in eastern DRC.”



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