Kenya’s former President Daniel arap Moi is dead

Kenya’s former President Daniel arap Moi is dead.

The former teacher who became Kenya’s longest-serving President and transformed the country’s political landscape with his iron-fist rule for more than two decades died at the Nairobi Hospital in the early hours of February 4, 2020.

He was 95.

Making the announcement in a presidential proclamation, President Uhuru Kenyatta said the former head of State passed on in the presence of his family.

“It is with profound sadness and sorrow that I announce the passing of a Great African Statesman, H.E. Daniel Toroitich arap Moi, the Second President of the Republic of Kenya. His Excellency the Former President passed on at the Nairobi Hospital on the early morning of this 4th February, 2020; in the presence of his family,” Mr Kenyatta said in a statement.

“His legacy endures in Kenya even to this day, encapsulated in the Nyayo Philosophy of ‘Peace, Love and Unity’ that was his mantra throughout his tenure as our Head of State and Government.”

DIED PEACEFULLY

At a brief press conference at Nairobi Hospital on Tuesday morning, his son Gideon Moi said his father had passed away peacefully.

He also expressed his family’s gratitude to Kenyans for the prayers they’ve been making for the former president.

“I was by his side, and as a family we have accepted. Mine is just to give my heartfelt gratitude to all Kenyans and non-Kenyans for the prayers and thoughts that they have been giving to Mzee and to our family. Thank you all.”

His body has been moved to Lee Funeral Home.

STRONGMAN

Moi is one of the last in a chain of African strongmen who ruled in the 70s, 80s and 90s – and who were forced out thanks to multi-party politics.

Loved and hated in equal measures, the late President Moi was often dismissed as a dictator by his critics and his 24-year reign was plagued with claims of widespread human rights violations, nepotism, assassinations and embezzlement of state funds.

But his admirers describe Moi as an African statesman – the man who kept the Kenyan nation together amidst the turmoil experienced in the neighbouring Uganda, Somalia, Sudan and Ethiopia – a feat he positively used to dismiss his ardent Western critics who were pushing him to open the political space.

Although the former president has been ailing for some time, little was known about his poor health which was kept within the family. Occasionally, when admitted to hospital, his press team would say he had been taken for “routine check-ups”.

Moi ruled Kenya for 24 years between 1978 and 2002 and was always portrayed as vibrant and healthy. If he had any ailments, during that period, it was concealed from the public.

Unlike his predecessor, Jomo Kenyatta, whose struggle with a heart problem and gout was public knowledge, Moi and his handlers had a desire to keep his physical condition secret at the time of his presidency.

WORKAHOLIC

Moi was a workaholic – at least before he retired – and kept fit for his age. He never used a walking stick in public – opting to keep off from the glare. Even when he experienced troubled eyesight, later on, it was the font size to his speech which was increased rather than Moi wear reading glasses in public. It is only once, during his presidency, that Moi publicly acknowledged he had been unwell after he returned from an eye surgery in Israel and after prodding by the opposition.

For the last three years, President Moi had started missing out in major public events – and when political figures went to see him in his Kabarak home, he would be photographed sitting down; at best with a distant look. He also had added some weight.

In March 2018, Moi was flown to Israel aboard a chartered plane in the company of his long-time doctor, well-known cardiologist Dr David Silverstein and his youngest son Gideon Moi. The media was told by Moi’s spokesman Lee Njiru that President Moi had been flown to Israel for a check-up on his “knee” which “had been troubling him for some time.

The knee problem was the only ailment that was publicly known. On January 27, 2017 Moi underwent a minor surgery at Aga Khan Hospital in Nairobi to correct the knee problem that started on July 30, 2006 when his Range Rover collided with a pick-up truck near Limuru’s Rukuma View Point.

As Moi flew out to Ichilov Hospital in Tel Aviv, Israel, his doctor said that the Moi family was “eager to have a second opinion on the knee, which has been a source of discomfort to him [Moi]”.

“The old man is not feeling well. He will go for medical check-up (and) needs your prayers as he leaves the country,” said Gideon Moi, the family spokesman.

For the last two years, Moi has been on wheelchair and during the October 26, 2017 election, he did not leave his car at the Kabarak University polling station. Instead, he cast his vote from the car with the assistance of a polling clerk which was a clear sign that the old-man had a mobility problem.

On December 12, 2018, President Moi was again admitted at Nairobi Hospital with a “bout of flu” with Dr Silverstein saying the former head of state would spend a couple of nights in the hospital to accord doctors ample time to carry out their analysis. Mr Moi left hospital on Monday December 17, 2018.

In September 2, 2018, Moi celebrated his 94th birthday in a private function at his Kabarak home, flanked by his children and grandchildren.

He would also watch the burial service of his eldest son Jonathan, from the house – an indicator that the former President’s health had largely deteriorated.

The passing of the late Moi will reshape the Rift Valley region politics where he had become an icon – and a king-maker. But for the last decade, Mr Moi has been cut out of the national politics; thanks to ill health and change of guard.

President Kenyatta has ordered flags to be flown at half-mast at State House, State Lodges, all public buildings and military bases until sunset on the day of burial.

Additional reporting by Lynette Mukami

http://www.nation.co.ke/news/Moi-dies-at-95/1056-5442956-jtma8s/index.html

By einstein Posted in kenya

2 comments on “Kenya’s former President Daniel arap Moi is dead

  1. This is really shocking. It seems Ruto is very proud of his first days as a politician when Moi gave him land which he sold to buy his first car.

    When asked whether this was Moi’s personal property or public land being grabbed by Moi and given to him Ruto had no answer. Of course we know the answer.

    Ruto started his political life with stolen land. It has not stopped for 30 years and he wants more of the same.

    The really disturbing thing is that Ruto seems very proud of his days as one of the founders of Moi’s YK92 which is really what brought him into the political picture in Kenya.

    YK 92 was the first genuine terrorist political organisation in Kenya’s history. They brought real time terrorism in Kenya politics. Ruto’s YK 92 was a gangster organisation. They murdered people.

    They organised mass violence against those who opposed Moi in the 1992 elections. They were particularly vicious against human rights activists campaigning for multi party in Kenya. They almost killed Rev. Timothy live on TV.

    And for the love of god YK 92 robbed the country dry. YK 92 under Ruto cleaned up the country with massive theft of public money. They even printed money with Moi’s help.

    That was Ruto’s way of doing politics and it has not stopped up to now. He wants the official post now to fully graduate as the Thief in Chief.

    https://www.the-star.co.ke/news/2020-02-06-ruto-my-graduation-delayed-for-10-years-over-mois-yk92/

    https://www.the-star.co.ke/news/2020-02-06-ruto-how-mzee-moi-helped-me-buy-my-first-car/

    Someone needs to tell Ruto that YK 92 and land theft will be on the ballot in 2022. It is nice Ruto has confessed to all that by himself. It is not propaganda.

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  2. I will pay my tribute to the murderous Moi by reproducing a piece our beloved Onyango Oloo did in his Kenya Democracy blog, when the Mwakenya folks who Moi fought for decades gathered in Nairobi to launch a book Mwakenya “The Unfinished Revolution” by Maina wa Kinyatti.

    Incidentally the book was also reviewed in today’s Daily Nation. I will post that link too and other links check them out.

    Kenya Democracy Project

    SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 2014
    Kenyan Left Reconvenes

    Veterans of the Marxist-oriented Kenyan Left underground movements from the 1980s reunited at the recent launch of

    Maina wa Kinyatti’s

    latest book.

    Reconvening at the Kenya Cultural Centre, located at the National Theatre on the outskirts of the University of Nairobi comrades like Mwandawiro Mghanga, Oduor Ongwen, Prof. Edward Oyugi, Yusuf Hassan (currently representing Kamukunji Constituency in the National Assembly), Zarina Patel, Abdulqadir Nasser, Onyango Oloo, Kang’ethe wa Mungai, Wariuru wa Mungai, Ramadhan Khamis, Muthoni Kamau, Zahid Rajan, Mohammed Abdulahi-to name just a few,

    were on hand at the February 18th unleashing of Mwakenya: The Unfinished Revolution written by historian, radical lecturer and activist organizer Maina wa Kinyatti who consciously picked on the 57th anniversary of the execution of Kenyan independence hero Dedan Kimathi wa Waciuri to make his powerful statement about the role of our socialist comrades in the struggle for freedom, social justice and sustainable development in this country.

    For a video recording of the event, visit the following youtube link:

    The struggle for democracy, equality and social justice in Kenya has unfolded over many decades. From the early peasant jacquerries and anti-tax revolts at the turn of the 20th century through the trade union led strikes of the 1930s and 1940s; the Mau Mau armed struggle of the 1950s, the nationalist strivings of the 1960s and the long drawn clamour for multi-party democracy and constitutional reform over the last thirty years, there have been heroes and sheroes celebrated and immortalized in song, in poetry and even statues erected in their honour.

    One epoch in that epic story of Kenya’s freedom fight has been almost erased by latter day chroniclers of our history. That is the period of the valiant resistance movement against the KANU one party tyranny from the late 1970s to the early 1990s-the time from the death of Jomo Kenyatta to the twilight years of Daniel arap Moi.

    This was the golden age of the Kenyan underground movement when disciplined, militant patriotic comrades were fighting for a new Kenya.

    They did not just want change in Kenya; they demanded a revolutionary transformation of Kenya, an upheaval in Kenya that would bring the oppressed from their down trodden status to the top where the ordinary women and men of Kenya, the poor and marginalized youth; the exploited villagers in the peasant countryside and the disenfranchised workers in the urban slums would be holding the steering wheel guiding Kenya to a new democratic future. The leaders of the clandestine struggles were revolutionaries committed to a socialist vision.

    Yet, when in 2010 when Kenyans celebrated the promulgation of the new constitution, hardly anybody mentioned the Kenyan socialist pioneers who demanded multi-party democracy and social justice long before it was popular and conventional to do so.

    It was as if they the Mwandawiros, the Miceres, the Njeris, the Omondi K’abirs, the John Munuves, the Chitechi Osundwas, the Kamoji Wachiiras, Adongo Ogonys, the Wangui wa Goros, the Wangari Murikukis, the Shadrack Guttos, the Shiraz Durranis, the Alamin Mazruis and Sultan Somjees did not exist, had never lived and breathed, let alone striking a single blow for progressive change. Today many of them are graying and half forgotten on the margins of the periphery.

    Luckily for the veterans of the socialist Left underground, for Kenya, for posterity, they have a writer who is determined to make sure that their glorious chapter is not ripped from the history of Kenya- a history written with their blood and tears, their sweat and sacrifices.

    We are talking about Maina wa Kinyatti-one of Kenya’s foremost historians; one of Kenya’s prominent organic intellectuals; one of Kenya’s militant scholars. Maina wa Kinyatti was abducted from Kenyatta University, interrogated and humiliated by the former Special Branch before being hauled to a kangaroo court on trumped up charges and later flung to the dungeons of the Kamiti and Naivasha penitentiaries.

    If the Moi-KANU dictatorship and its successor regimes imagine it would thus punish him and ultimately silence him, it was in for a rude reckoning.

    Maina wa Kinyatti never stopped writing- about Kenya’s anti-imperialist history; never stopped composing militant poetry or some smuggling courageous exposes of human rights violations taking place behind the cold and desolate maximum security walls.

    So in 2014, he has consciously chosen the 57th anniversary of the hanging of Mau Mau hero Dedan Kimathi wa Waciuri to gift us with his latest opus-Mwakenya: The Unfinished Revolution -Selected Documents of the Mwakenya-December Twelve Movement (1974-2002).

    The 440 page book is divided into six parts.

    After the preface and introduction, Part One deals with birth of the Kenyan underground movement in the mid 1970s around the time of the brutal and grisly murder of the populist parliamentarian JM Kariuki by assassins widely believed to be working at the behest of Mzee Jomo Kenyatta. Drawing its inspiration and legacy from the Mau Mau struggle of the 1950s, the December Twelve Movement (DTM) derived its name from the date Kenya achieved flag independence, in actuality the date when the freedom aspirations of Kenyans were betrayed and neo-colonialism ushered in.

    Maina informs his readers that DTM in turn was the baby of the clandestine Workers’ Party of Kenya whose founding leaders were Maina wa Kinyatti himself, Kamoji Wachiira, Adhu Awiti, Amin Kassam, Koigi wa Wamwere and later, Willy Mutunga (the current Chief Justice) Ngugi wa Thiong’o, Alamin Mazrui, Edward Oyugi, Shiraz Durrani, Sultan Somjee, Ngotho wa Kariuki, the late Ngugi wa Mirii, Kuria Muriimi, Kariuki Kiboi and others. The fledgling underground movement took an anti-imperialist, pro-socialist stance, ideology anchored in Marxism-Leninism Maoist Thought.

    The movement was to later launch communication organs, newspapers, journals and publications like Mwanguzi, Pambana and Cheche. At the cultural level the author informs us that DTM was the organizing force behind such militant and patriotic plays like Ngaahika Ndeenda and the Trial of Dedan Kimathi.

    The movement mobilized progressive lecturers and organized well attended public symposia at the campuses on the burning issues of the day. It recruited students and open minded and radical members of the petite bourgeoisie into its secret ranks.

    Before its top leadership was arrested and detained in June 1982, DTM, through its clandestine, type written, cyclostyled photo copied and stapled newspaper Pambana, surreptitiously circulated under the very nose of the secret police, the movement had boldly announced its arrival in the ranks of the opposition at a time when the Moi-KANU one party dictatorship was smugly assuring itself that it had politically throttled all the voices of dissent.

    Maina wa Kinyatti reveals how even behind prison walls and exile, DTM continued to grow, recruiting within ranks some militant university students jailed on sedition charges. The author states that in 1984, the movement morphed from the founder members of DTM mentioned in the book.

    The rest of Part One is taken up by a detailed narrative as well as a very frank analysis and critique of the later history of the movement when according to the author it was taken over by what he refers to as “opportunists, sectarians and ultra-leftists” who later transformed it into Mwakenya with at first disastrous consequences. Maina wa Kinyatti chronicles the inner party debate, struggle and rectification which later to the expulsion of the “liquidationist Dar clique”.

    It is worth reading and re-reading this section on criticism and self-criticism of the Mwakenya phase of the movement because it appears a distinct departure and a fresh gust of air from Maina wa Kinyatti’s previous public views on Mwakenya-especially his last major work, History of Kenya 1895-2002, where to many comrades and observers outside the movement Maina appeared to endorse some of Mwakenya’s gregarious errors through silence.

    It is curious nevertheless, to note in passing that this 2014 internal critique by Maina wa Kinyatti appears to echo very closely and loudly another trenchant critique by a comrade outside Mwakenya, using the pseudonym Zinduka U Pambane who had penned a very thorough expose titled “Every New Beginning Has an Old Origin” appearing in a semi-covert ideological exile-based journal called Itikadi way back in January 1995.

    Part Two which spans 137 pages, showcases the DTM publications from 1974 to 1985, reproducing several copies of Mwanguzi, Pambana, Mpatanishi, occasional anonymous leaflets and other communiqués and pronunciamentoes from the movement.

    Part Three provides a selection of Mwakenya documents covering the period from 1987 to 2001 including internal position papers, statements, study group observations and reflections.

    Part Four lays bare in the public domain in the first time outside the close circle of Kenyan exiles and activists in Britain and the United States, excerpts from the archives of Ukenya, formed in the UK in the 1980s to confront the Moi dictatorship. Among the UKENYA documents is to be found its 1987 Manifesto; a public address in London by UKENYA Chairperson Yusuf Hassan (currently the MP for Kamukunji) and a speech delivered by Abdilatif Abdalla (renowned Kenyan poet) at the 7th Pan African Congress held in Kampala in April 1994.

    Part Five, beginning on page 417, is a reproduction of the 2001 Mwakenya Harare Declaration pledging that it was a year dedicated to the movement’s renewal. That document among other things, resolved to ”clarify the name of the party and call it DTM-Mwakenya so as to reflect correctly, the history, continuity and the main streams that have gone into making it”.

    Part Six is some kind of appendix consisting of the DTM-Mwakenya Study Guide broken down to organizational aspects like the concepts of the unity of theory and practice; democratic centralism; criticism and self-criticism; dialectical and historical materialism; classes in history; the National Question; Religion; the Woman Question; On the State; Historical Aspects; Africa and Kenya.

    At the book launch there were robust exchanges and interventions by a range of the progressive activists who attended. People like Al Amin Kimathi of the Muslim Human Rights Forum; Cidi Otieno of Bunge la Mwananchi, Suba Churchill of the National Civil Society Congress and Mwandawiro Mghanga, the Chairperson of the Social Democratic Party of Kenya.

    Al Amin Kimathi poignantly observed true activists NEVER retire from the struggle as Boniface Mwangi purported to do a couple of weeks ago.

    As the Chief Guest at the launch Hon. Yusuf Hassan observed:

    “Maina wa Kinyatti’s book is a very welcome and path breaking book, filling a void that has yawned in Kenyan historiography for decades as comrades who were encyclopedias and reservoirs of democratic and anti-imperialist knowledge like Mwakdua wa Mwachofi, Paddy Onyango Sumba, Githirwa wa Muhoro,

    George Anyona, Kariuki Gathitu and many others died with their stories depicting their role in the clandestine national anti-imperialist struggles from the mid 1970s to the early 1990s. One hopes that Maina’s book will spur others like Prof. Edward Oyugi, Mwandawiro Mghanga,

    Chitechi Osundwa, Kang’ethe Mungai, Alamin Mazrui, Micere Mugo, Shadrack Gutto,Nish Matenjwa, Wangui wa Goro, Onyango Oloo, Willy Mutunga, Oduor Ongwen, Zahid Rajan, Abdul Qadir Nassir, Adongo Ogony, Njeri Kabeberi and many others to pen their own stories further enriching this important part of our history.”

    In Nairobi, Mwakenya: The Unfinished Revolution is available at the following bookshops: Prestige Booksellers (Mama Ngina Street (next to 20th Century Cinema); Bookpoint Ltd (Loans House along Moi Avenue) and Bookstop, 2nd floor, Yaya Centre, Argwings Kodhek Road.

    Onyango Oloo
    Mombasa

    This is the review of the book launch OO covered on February 22, 2014. This review was in the Daily Nation today February 4, 2020 as Moi was in some morgue on his way to hell. The Big Satan (Obel Sibuth) is smiling ear to ear. One of his great warriors is coming home.

    OO would have loved the timing of this article.

    Here is the DN story.

    https://www.nation.co.ke/news/Mwakenya-leaders-regroup-to-tell-their-story/1056-5415134-ebudyk/index.html

    This is the magnitude of Moi’s wealth net worth is Kshs 310 billion. And that is only the ones known. The hidden stuff could twice as much or more. Moi can’t take that with him or can he? Too bad because Obel Sibuth could use some of that cash. He has some big tenants who may need mansions and not just sleep in burning grass. Oh dear.

    Here we go.

    https://www.the-star.co.ke/news/2020-02-04-inside-mzee-mois-business-empire/

    The unresolved endless murders>

    Here we go.

    https://www.the-star.co.ke/news/2020-02-04-unsolved-moi-era-murders-that-officials-called-suicide/

    And this is OO’s original blog that got me into all these.

    http://demokrasia-kenya.blogspot.com/2014/02/kenyan-left-reconvenes.html

    When we put all these pieces together we get the exact picture of who Moi was. And what his dreadful legacy has been and could still be. If we allow it. Never Again.

    This is what I am talking about.

    https://www.nation.co.ke/nationprime/Moi-regime-prisoners-detainees/5279428-5444348-fypypo/index.html

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