Science & Tech News


Mac World

  • How to switch from iCloud Photos to just plain Photos
    iCloud Photos provides a great service. Deeply embedded into iOS, iPadOS, macOS, and iCloud, with the feature enabled, every photo you take and every video you record is automatically uploaded to your central iCloud account and then synchronized as a thumbnail or full-resolution image to all your devices linked to the same iCloud account that also have iCloud Photos enabled.As photo collections grow, some people balk at paying Apple for increasing amounts of iCloud storage, however, and they don’t need or want synchronization across all their devices in quite this way.You can shed the iCloud part of iCloud Photos and stick just to Photos if you like. You can then opt to sync a different way if you still want that feature—and at no cost.To read this article in full, please click here
  • Astell&Kern T9iE in-ear monitor review: Spectular sound, with a price to match
    Astell&Kern joined with high-end headphone builder Beyerdynamic to formulate the elegant, high-performance, but pricey T9iE in-ear monitors.
  • Wyze Bulb review: A tunable white light bulb with a rock-bottom price tag
    This $8 smart bulb is tough to beat, unless you're looking for a smart home product with a broader ecosystem that includes full-spectrum color bulbs and other devices, akin to Philips Hue.
  • Elusive 11: The terrible, hard-to-buy iPhone
    It turns out the iPhone 11 Pro appears to be selling very well. Which is terrible.Writing for Vice, Jason Koebler says “It Is Currently Impossible to Exchange Money for an iPhone.” (Tip o’ the antler to Nick.)What about two wheat for an iPhone?Three wheat?Three wheat and one lumber! That’s my final offer!No one?I should not have built my settlement next to the desert. When I walked into an Apple Store in Brooklyn yesterday and asked for a phone (“I want to buy a phone," I said)…To read this article in full, please click here
  • Best headphones: Our top picks for personal listening
    Whether you're looking for an over-the-ear, on-ear, or in-ear model, we'll help you find the perfect pair.
  • Best smart bulbs for your connected home
    Today’s smart bulbs are brighter and easier to control than ever, but choosing the right one for your environment remains a challenge.
  • Apple TV+ original shows, series, and movies: Apple orders Ted Lasso series staring Jason Sudeikis
    Apple is said to be spending a several billion dollars over 2018 and 2019 on the development of exclusive original programming. That’s a lot of TV! It’s nothing compared to the $12 billion Netflix spent on content in 2018, but it’s still a very big investment.What can you get for all that money? Apple hopes to attract some of the best talent in TV and film production, including huge stars and directors, and to lock down the television and movie rights to best-selling books. Though the company has only given us a glimpse at a handful of shows, the Hollywood trade press has uncovered many more through its reporting on deals from casting agents and production companies.To read this article in full, please click here
  • Nanit Plus baby-monitoring system review: This pricey tech will soothe anxious parents
    Much more than a baby camera, the Nanit Plus and its companion app can actively warn you if anything goes amiss while your baby is in its crib.
  • How iCloud Drive works with multiple users on a single Mac
    Apple introduced fast user switching years ago to allow easier shared use of a single Mac by multiple people. After logging into an account and switching away from it, all the activities that were underway continue on their merry progress even while another user has logged in or switched to the foreground.This includes iCloud Drive, Dropbox, and other sync apps that carry out their operations in the background during a normal session. This can be useful if multiple people rely on synchronized files, preventing them from having to log in and wait for updates to occur.Apple assures its third-party developers in fast user switching documentation that background accounts have no keyboard or mouse input, and apps that check on screen activity will receive a response as if the screen were asleep. That is a sort of guarantee that any app or service that’s running will reliably keep running.To read this article in full, please click here
  • Find My: How to use Apple’s new all-in-one app to find friends and devices
    Find My Friends was not the first location-sharing app when it was introduced in 2011, but by being a first-party solution, it saw incredibly widespread support. So much so that Apple just went ahead and bundled with with iOS starting with iOS 9. Find My iPhone first launched as a MobileMe service in 2010, and became a free iCloud service in 2011. It has been a critical piece of infrastructure to help people locate their lost gear.The ubiquity of these services have made them so popular, so oft-used and reliable, that they have become a mainstay of the Apple ecosystem; a reason to stick with Apple, just like iMessage.With iOS 13 and macOS Catalina, Apple has given these location services their biggest overhaul yet. Since the two apps essentially do the same thing, they have been combined into a single app called “Find My” with a new interface. It’s included in iOS 13, iPadOS 13, and macOS Catalina.To read this article in full, please click here
  • How to play music on all (or some) of your Amazon Alexa speakers at once
    Want to hear tunes booming throughout your house? If you have Amazon Echo devices in multiple rooms, just ask Alexa, although you’ll need to tweak some settings first.
  • Best smart plugs: These gadgets will turn any electrical outlet into a smart socket
    With models from Lutron, Wemo, Leviton, iDevices, and others, it can be difficult to know which easy and inexpensive device is best for controlling the lamps and small appliances in your smart home. We’ll help you find the right one.
  • Best mesh Wi-Fi routers: Reviews and buying advice
    Few elements of your home’s infrastructure have a bigger impact on your tech life. We recommend mesh Wi-Fi routers for most people, and we’ll help you find just the right one for your needs.
  • Here are all the Apple Arcade games that support controllers
    Apple Arcade is here, and you can play some of the subscription service’s many games with select models of Xbox One and PlayStation 4 controllers as well as Mfi (Made for iOS) controllers!During Apple Arcade’s announcement, though, Apple gave the impression that all Apple Arcade games would work with gamepads (in part because the service will eventually also come to macOS and tvOS), but it turns out that’s not entirely true. Some games have interfaces solely designed for touchscreens—at least on iPhone and iPad. To read this article in full, please click here
  • Apple Arcade: Five new games join the service, and two existing games land on Mac
    Apple’s new Apple Arcade subscription-based gaming service is finally here. It’s basically Apple’s way of helping customers sort through the chaff in the App Store, as the highly curated service features premium games that are untainted by in-app purchases and ads. If it works as well as it sounds, it could elevate the perception of mobile gaming in general.Got questions? Fortunately we have plenty of answers. Here’s everything we know about Apple Arcade so far.Updated 10/11/19: Five more games have been added to Apple Arcade. We've updated our list, and also our companion article of all the games that support controllers.To read this article in full, please click here
  • That’s right: You can’t turn off Personal Hotspot in iOS 13 and iPadOS 13
    If you’re a regular user of the Personal Hotspot feature for iPhones and cellular-equipped iPads, you might wondered where the “off” setting went in iOS 13.1 and iPadOS 13.1. The switch is gone, but it’s not a bug and you’re not just unable to find it.Apple in that dot release—not in iOS 13.0, but the 13.1 update for both platforms—rethought how it expresses Personal Hotspot’s use philosophically. In previous releases, you had the on-demand Personal Hotspot that could be turned on, put on standby, or turned off. There was also an Instant Hotspot feature, which allowed any of your iCloud-connected devices to select the Personal Hotspot even if it were set to Off or Off, But Discoverable.To read this article in full, please click here
  • With Catalina, the Mac leans on Apple’s other devices
    Ever since the introduction of the iPod in 2001, Apple has had to navigate the intricacies of a multi-device ecosystem. In the earliest of days, that meant dealing with the iPod as an ancillary media device, reliant upon a Mac (or later a PC) for everything from activation to syncing media.Over the last twelve years, the Apple ecosystem has gotten only more complex, with the addition of iPhones and iPads, the Apple TV, the Apple Watch, AirPods, the HomePod, and more. And while the Mac may be the elder statesperson of this assemblage, it’s found its responsibilities decentralized. No longer does the iPhone or iPad require a Mac just to function; newer devices like the Apple Watch and HomePod never have.To read this article in full, please click here
  • Roku Ultra (2019) review: It's all about the buttons
    The Roku Ultra is the best high-end Roku streamer yet, but there's a lot more room for improvement.
  • The 10 best Apple Arcade games (so far)
    The best Apple Arcade gamesImage by Leif Johnson/IDGYou’ll find dozens and dozens of games in Apple Arcade, and—wonder of wonders—almost none are bad. Some games are better than others, though, so here’s a list of the 10 games you should start with. These games weren’t necessarily made with the biggest budgets or by the biggest studios, but they’re games that are endlessly replayable and stick in your head.To read this article in full, please click here
  • Best media streaming devices
    Roku Streaming Stick vs. Amazon Fire Stick vs. Chromecast vs. Apple TV, and more. Which streaming device is best for cord cutters? Our buying guide will help you pick the right accessories for your TV.
  • iOS 13.2: Beta 2 brings new emojis, Siri privacy controls, and interface improvements
    After an awkward iOS 13 and 13.1 release schedule, punctuated by two rapid-fire bugfix releases (iOS 13.1.1 and 13.1.2), Apple is ready to move on to iOS 13.2. The big new feature in 13.2 is the Deep Fusion computational photography upgrade for the camera in the iPhone 11 and iPhone 11 Pro. During its big September event to debut the phones, Apple promised this update is coming “this fall” and showed off its prowess in mid-to-low light with what can only be described as a “hipster in a Cosby sweater.”To read this article in full, please click here
  • Apple product rumors for 2020, macOS Catalina is here, your hot takes, and more
    2020 could be a very interesting year for Apple and its users. The next major update to the Mac operating system is finally here. Plus, your hot takes! That and more are all in this episode of the Macworld Podcast.This is episode 671 with Jason Cross, Leif Johnson, and Roman Loyola.Giveaway: Win a brand-new iPhone 11 Pro Max and a copy of AnyTrans Macworld has teamed up with AnyTrans—the iPhone manager that helps users transfer, manage, and back up their iPhone content from one place—to give away a free 64GB space gray iPhone 11 Pro Max to one lucky Macworld reader, along with a lifetime license of AnyTrans.To read this article in full, please click here
  • How to take advantage of the photo-editing tools in iOS 13 and iPadOS 13
    The Photos app for macOS has improved substantially since its introduction, especially in the variety and sophistication of its image editing tools. On the iPhone and iPad, Photos lagged considerably. But with iOS 13 and iPadOS 13, Apple offers a distinct catch up with its image editing tools, even exceeding the Mac version in a couple regards.Let’s look at what’s new and how to best use these new tools to crop, revise, and enhance images after capturing pictures.What’s new in Photos editing Apple changed and expanded the controls available while editing, while also improve the way in which each control is accessed and modified.To read this article in full, please click here
  • Where's the "Low Data Mode" for streaming TV devices?
    Features like Apple's Low Data Mode and Google's Data Saver should also apply to streaming TV devices, where data caps are an unfortunate reality.
  • iPhone touch gestures and commands—no Home button, no problem!
    During the first decade of the iPhone’s existence, the Home button was a reliable constant. Then, with the iPhone X, it suddenly disappeared, and since then, all the new iPhones (the iPhone XR, iPhone XS, iPhone 11, and iPhone 11 Pro) have featured edge-to-edge displays with no Home button. What’s more, the iPhone 11 and iPhone 11 Pro don’t have 3D Touch. So Apple has adapted iOS to make it easier to use without a Home button or pressure-sensitive touches. Here’s a quick guide to all the new gestures and button combinations you’ll need to use a modern iPhone with iOS 13.Return Home: Let’s start with the most basic of Home button features: returning to the home screen. Just swipe up from the bottom of the screen. Easy!To read this article in full, please click here
  • Best robot vacuums: We name the most effective cleaners
    Vacuuming is one of the most hated household chores. Here are your best choices for outsourcing it to some automated help.
  • Apple’s best analyst just predicted the 2020 product pipeline of our dreams
    Hot on the heels of his iPhone 12 report, dead-on Apple analyst Ming-Chi Kuo (via MacRumors) is back with a new prediction for Apple’s 2020 plans, and they’re very intriguing. Among the new products on the docket are a new iPhone SE, a redesigned MacBook Pro keyboard, an iPad Pro with a rear time-of-flight camera, and a pair of Apple AR glasses.That’s a lot to absorb, so let’s break it down. First Kuo reiterates that his sources say a new iPhone SE is coming. That’s not a surprise, since he provided details about that very phone a couple weeks ago, but after years of rumors, it’s starting to look like it might actually happen.To read this article in full, please click here
  • Ausounds AU Stream ANC review: Impressive sound and active noise cancellation
    Active noise cancellation is still a rarity when it comes to true wireless earbuds, and it’s generally an expensive feature, to boot. Enter the Ausounds AU Stream ANC earphones, a pair of relatively compact and comfortable Bluetooth earbuds that pack in impressive sound, a water-resistant design, and solid noise-cancellation abilities for a reasonable $150 price tag. We do have a few quibbles, however, including a so-so charging case, the lack of aptX support, and the fact that the microphones occasionally pick up wind noise.Design Measuring about 1.7 inches long and weighing about 0.4 ounces (for the pair), the black AU Stream ANC earbuds are slightly longer and about twice the weight of a pair of Apple AirPods, although that’s not to say that the earbuds (which are each equipped with 13mm titanium gold drivers) are anywhere near heavy.To read this article in full, please click here
  • 8 hidden features of macOS Catalina
    MacOS Catalina is here, and with it, a bunch of top-line features: Mac Catalyst, new apps, Sidecar, Screen Time, and Voice Control. But as you might expect, Catalina also includes dozens of small feature changes that are worth investigating. Here are a few of the most interesting hidden features in macOS Catalina.Home theater at last For the first time, the Mac will have access to the 4K HDR versions of popular movies and TV shows. This comes courtesy of the new TV app—but it has limits. All Macs introduced in 2018 or later are capable of playing videos in HDR and Dolby Vision formats for high dynamic range, and can play audio encoded with the high-quality Dolby Atmos format.To read this article in full, please click here
  • Xfinity Flex review: Comcast’s “free” streaming hardware/service combo is a work in progress
    It’s a clever customer-retention gambit, but neither the hardware nor the service is best in class.

Wired


Tech World


Nature


Science Daily

  • Study finds topsoil is key harbinger of lead exposure risks for children
    Tracking lead levels in soil over time is critical for cities to determine lead contamination risks for their youngest and most vulnerable residents, according to a new study.
  • Investing in love and affection pays off for species that mate for life
    A new study by biologists explains how sexual cooperation and bonding evolves in bird species that form pair bonds.
  • Non-pharmacologic treatments may be more effective for psychiatric symptoms of dementia
    A systematic review and meta-analysis suggests outdoor activities were more clinically effective than anti-psychotic medication for treating physical aggression in patients with dementia. For patients with physical agitation, massage and touch therapy were more efficacious than usual care or caregiver support.
  • Unlocking the biochemical treasure chest within microbes
    An international team of scientists has developed a genetic engineering tool that makes producing and analyzing microbial secondary metabolites -- the basis for many important agricultural, industrial, and medical products -- easier than ever before, and could even lead to breakthroughs in biomanufacturing.
  • Scientists help immune system find hidden cancer cells
    Cancer cells are masters at avoiding detection, but a new system can make them stand out from the crowd and help the immune system spot and eliminate tumors that other forms of immunotherapies might miss.
  • Lakes worldwide are experiencing more severe algal blooms
    The intensity of summer algal blooms has increased over the past three decades, according to a first-ever global survey of dozens of large, freshwater lakes. Researchers used 30 years of data from the Landsat 5 near-Earth satellite and created a partnership with Google Earth Engine to reveal long-term trends in summer algal blooms in 71 large lakes in 33 countries on six continents.
  • Women have substantially less influence on Twitter than men in academic medicine
    Women who are health policy or health services researchers face a significant disparity in social media influence compared to their male peers, according to a new study. Although the average number of tweets among all researchers tend to be consistent, women trail behind men in follower counts, regardless of how active they are on Twitter.
  • Microbleeds may worsen outcome after head injury
    Using advanced imaging, researchers have uncovered new information regarding traumatic microbleeds, which appear as small, dark lesions on MRI scans after head injury but are typically too small to be detected on CT scans. The findings published in Brain suggest that traumatic microbleeds are a form of injury to brain blood vessels and may predict worse outcomes. The study was conducted in part by scientists at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), part of the National Institutes of Health.
  • How mucus tames microbes
    New research reveals that glycans -- branched sugar molecules found in mucus -- can prevent bacteria from communicating with each other and forming infectious biofilms, effectively rendering the microbes harmless.
  • How to control friction in topological insulators
    Topological insulators are innovative materials that conduct electricity on the surface, but act as insulators on the inside. Physicists have begun investigating how they react to friction. Their experiment shows that the heat generated through friction is significantly lower than in conventional materials. This is due to a new quantum mechanism, the researchers report.
  • Researchers explore spinal discs' early response to injury and ways to improve it
    Researchers showed in animal models that the default injury response of spinal discs can be temporarily stopped to allow for better treatment.
  • The nano-guitar string that plays itself
    Scientists have created a nano-electronic circuit which vibrates without any external force. Just as a guitar string vibrates when plucked, the wire -- 100,000 times thinner than a guitar string -- vibrates when forced into motion by an oscillating voltage. The surprise came when they repeated the experiment without the forcing voltage. Under the right conditions, the wire oscillated of its own accord. The nano-guitar string was playing itself.
  • Dementia spreads via connected brain networks
    Scientists used maps of brain connections to predict how brain atrophy would spread in individual patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD), adding to growing evidence that the loss of brain cells associated with dementia spreads via the synaptic connections between established brain networks.
  • Shipment tracking for 'fat parcels' in the body
    Without fat, nothing works in the body: These substances serve as energy suppliers and important building blocks -- including for the envelopes of living cells. Numerous diseases are related to disorders in the fat metabolism, such as obesity or cancer. Researchers are now demonstrating how the fat metabolism can be monitored down to the individual liver cell of a mouse with the greatest sensitivity.
  • Evolutionary history of oaks
    Oaks have a complex evolutionary history that has long eluded scientists. New research, however, provides the most detailed account to date of the evolution of oaks, recovering the 56-million-year history that has made the oaks one of the most diverse, abundant and important woody plant groups to the ecology and economy of the northern hemisphere.
  • Unique sticky particles formed by harnessing chaos
    New research shows that unique materials with distinct properties akin to those of gecko feet - the ability to stick to just about any surface -- can be created by harnessing liquid-driven chaos to produce soft polymer microparticles with hierarchical branching on the micro- and nanoscale.
  • Scientists pinpoint cause of harmful dendrites and whiskers in lithium batteries
    Scientists have uncovered a root cause of the growth of needle-like structures -- known as dendrites and whiskers -- that plague lithium batteries, sometimes causing a short circuit, failure, or even a fire. Such defects are a major factor holding back the batteries from even more widespread use and further improvement.
  • Astronomers use giant galaxy cluster as X-ray magnifying lens
    Astronomers have used a massive cluster of galaxies as an X-ray magnifying glass to peer back in time, to nearly 9.4 billion years ago. In the process, they spotted a tiny dwarf galaxy in its very first, high-energy stages of star formation.
  • Cheaper catalyst can generate hydrogen in a commercial device
    Researchers have shown for the first time that a cheap catalyst can split water and generate hydrogen gas for hours on end in the harsh environment of a commercial electrolyzer -- a step toward clean, large-scale hydrogen production for fuel, fertilizer and industry.
  • Scientists reveal mechanism of electron charge exchange in molecules
    Through a new scanning transmission electron microscopy method, researchers are able to observe electron distribution between atoms and molecules and uncover clues to the origins of ferroelectricity, the capacity of certain crystals to possess spontaneous electric polarization that can be switched by the application of an electric field. The research also revealed the mechanism of charge transfer between two materials.
  • Reading the past like an open book: Researchers use text to measure 200 years of happiness
    Using innovative new methods researchers have built a new index that uses data from books and newspaper to track levels of national happiness from 1820. Their research could help governments to make better decisions about policy priorities.
  • New genetic-based epilepsy risk scores
    An international team of researchers has developed new genetic-based epilepsy risk scores which may lay the foundation for a more personalized method of epilepsy diagnosis and treatment. This analysis is the largest study of epilepsy genetics to date, as well as the largest study of epilepsy using human samples.
  • Drug reverses signs of liver disease in people living with HIV
    Researchers report that the injectable hormone tesamorelin reduces liver fat and prevents liver fibrosis (scarring) in people living with HIV.
  • New design strategy can help improve layered superconducting materials
    Scientists have created a new layered superconducting material with a conducting layer made of bismuth, silver, tin, sulfur and selenium. The conducting layer features four distinct sublayers; by introducing more elements, they were able to achieve unparalleled customizability and a higher ''critical temperature'' below which superconductivity is observed, a key objective of superconductor research. Their design strategy may be applied to engineer new and improved superconducting materials.
  • Another reason to get cataract surgery: It can make you 48% safer on the road
    Researchers in Australia used a driving simulator to test patients' vision before and after cataract surgery. They found that near misses and crashes decreased by 48% after surgery.
  • More evidence linking common bladder medication to a vision-threatening eye condition
    A drug widely prescribed for a bladder condition for decades, now appears to be toxic to the retina, the light sensing tissue at the back of the eye that allows us to see.
  • Creating 2D heterostructures for future electronics
    New research integrates nanomaterials into heterostructures, an important step toward creating nanoelectronics.
  • Hydrologic simulation models that inform policy decisions are difficult to interpret
    Hydrologic models that simulate and predict water flow are used to estimate how natural systems respond to different scenarios such as changes in climate, land use, and soil management. The output from these models can inform policy and regulatory decisions regarding water and land management practices. Numerical models have become increasingly easy to employ with advances in computer technology and software with graphical user interface (GUI). While these technologies make the models more accessible, problems can arise if they are used by inexperienced modelers.
  • Brain protein promotes maintenance of chronic pain
    Study results illuminate the potential of novel approach for the treatment of chronic pain.
  • Contextual engineering improves success of projects in non-industrial societies
    Humanitarian engineering projects often focus on bringing western technologies to non-industrialized societies. But environmental and cultural factors in these locations may be very different from conditions in the West, and the projects may not meet client needs if engineers do not fully understand the context in which they are operating.
  • Black holes stunt growth of dwarf galaxies
    Astronomers have discovered that powerful winds driven by supermassive black holes in the centers of dwarf galaxies have a significant impact on the evolution of these galaxies by suppressing star formation.
  • How preprocessing methods affect the conversion efficiency of biomass energy production
    Research on energy production from biomass usually focuses on the amount of energy generated. But it is also important to consider how much energy goes into the process, a component that is often neglected. A study from the University of Illinois takes a look at the bioconversion efficiency of two products often used as biomass for energy production, miscanthus giganteus and sugarcane bagasse.
  • New tool enables Nova Scotia lobster fishery to address impacts of climate change
    Researchers use long-term survey data sets and climate models to help fishing communities plan for a warmer ocean. Researchers have developed a tool that incorporates projected changes in ocean climate onto a geographic fishery management area. Now fishermen, resource managers, and policy-makers can use it to plan for the future sustainability of the lobster fishery in Nova Scotia and Canadian waters of the Gulf of Maine.
  • Nanoscale manipulation of light leads to exciting new advancement
    Controlling the interactions between light and matter has been a long-standing ambition for scientists seeking to develop and advance numerous technologies that are fundamental to society. With the boom of nanotechnology in recent years, the nanoscale manipulation of light has become both, a promising pathway to continue this advancement, as well as a unique challenge due to new behaviors that appear when the dimensions of structures become comparable to the wavelength of light.
  • 'Electroadhesive' stamp picks up and puts down microscopic structures
    New technique could enable assembly of circuit boards and displays with more minute components.
  • Coffee bean extracts alleviate inflammation, insulin resistance in mouse cells
    Food science and human nutrition researchers are interested in the potential of inflammation-fighting compounds found in the silverskin and husk of coffee beans, not only for their benefits in alleviating chronic disease, but also in adding value to would-be 'waste' products from the coffee processing industry.
  • Opioid Rx dosages drop with state law changes
    The total amount of opioids dispensed per new opioid prescription decreased by 22% in Penn Medicine outpatient practices in New Jersey after the state passed a law limiting prescriptions to a five-day supply for new opioid prescriptions. Penn Medicine implemented an electronic health record (EMR) alert, or 'nudge,' to notify clinicians if that limit had been reached.
  • New soft actuators could make soft robots less bulky
    Engineers have developed a way to build soft robots that are compact, portable and multifunctional. The advance was made possible by creating soft, tubular actuators whose movements are electrically controlled, making them easy to integrate with small electronic components. As a proof of concept, engineers used the new actuators to build an untethered, battery-powered, walking soft robot and a soft gripper.
  • Fast-acting German insecticide lost in the aftermath of WWII
    A new study explores the chemistry as well as the complicated and alarming history of DFDT, a fast-acting insecticide.
  • The impact of human-caused noise pollution on birds
    Anthropogenic noise pollution (ANP) is a globally invasive phenomenon impacting natural systems, but most research has occurred at local scales with few species. Researchers in this study investigated continental-scale breeding season associations with ANP for 322 bird species to test whether local-scale predictions are consistent at broad spatial extents for an extensive group of North American bird species in the continental United States.
  • Sox9 reshapes the biliary tree in Alagille syndrome
    Mose model shows that SOX9 gene influences the severity Alagille syndrome.
  • Six degrees of nuclear separation
    For the first time, scientists have printed 3D parts that pave the way to recycling up to 97 percent of the waste produced by nuclear reactors.
  • Private property, not productivity, precipitated Neolithic agricultural revolution
    The Neolithic Agricultural Revolution is one of the most thoroughly-studied episodes in prehistory. But a new article shows that most explanations for it don't agree with the evidence, and offers a new interpretation.
  • CO2 emissions cause lost labor productivity
    Extreme high temperatures caused by CO2 emissions could lead to losses in labor productivity. The authors found that every trillion tons of CO2 emitted could cause global GDP losses of about half a percent. They add that we may already be seeing economic losses of as much as 2% of global GDP as a result of what we have already emitted.
  • Slower walkers have older brains and bodies at 45
    The walking speed of 45-year-olds can be used as a marker of their aging brains and bodies. The evidence was there in neurocognitive testing these individuals took at age 3 to indicate who would become the slower walkers. At 45, slower walkers have 'accelerated aging' on a 19-measure scale devised by researchers, and their lungs, teeth and immune systems tended to be in worse shape than the people who walked faster.
  • New test diagnoses Lyme disease within 15 minutes
    Current testing for Lyme disease, called the standard 2-tiered approach or the STT, involves running two complex assays (ELISA and western blot) to detect antibodies against the bacterium, and requires experienced personnel in a lab, and a few hours to carry out and interpret. Biomedical engineers have developed a rapid microfluidic test that can detect Lyme disease with similar performance as the STT in a much shorter time -- 15 minutes.
  • Under time pressure, people tell us what we want to hear
    When asked to answer questions quickly and impulsively, people tend to respond with a socially desirable answer rather than an honest one, a set of experiments shows.
  • Expert second opinion improves reliability of melanoma diagnoses
    A new study has found that obtaining a second opinion from pathologists who are board certified or have fellowship training in dermatopathology can help improve the accuracy and reliability of diagnosing melanoma.
  • Family of crop viruses at the molecular level
    For the first-time we can take a molecular-level look at one of the world's deadliest crop killers.
  • Overweight before age 40 increases the cancer risk
    The risk of cancer increases considerably if you gain weight before the age of 40.
  • Habitual tea drinking modulates brain efficiency: Evidence from brain connectivity evaluation
    The researchers recruited healthy older participants to two groups according to their history of tea drinking frequency and investigated both functional and structural networks to reveal the role of tea drinking on brain organization.
  • 'Cross-transfer' benefits of special exercise technique questioned
    Researchers question the effectiveness of a patented exercise system for relieving lower back pain.
  • New material captures carbon dioxide and converts it into useful chemicals
    The captured CO2 can be converted into useful organic materials.
  • Population aging to create pockets of climate vulnerability in the US
    Population aging projections across the US show a divide between cities and rural areas, which could lead to pockets of vulnerability to climate change.
  • Overcoming the blood-brain-barrier: Delivering therapeutics to the brain
    For the first time, scientists have identified a simple way that can effectively transport medication into the brain - which could lead to improved treatments for neurological and neurodegenerative diseases.
  • Physics: DNA-PAINT super-resolution microscopy at speed
    Recent advances in fluorescence microscopy allow researchers to study biological processes below the classical diffraction limit of light. Researchers have now developed DNA-PAINT, a variant of these so-called super-resolution approaches.
  • Illumination of abnormal neuronal activities caused by myelin impairment
    The neural circuit basis for motor learning tasks when myelination is impaired has been illuminated for the first time. Researchers also succeeded in compensating for the impaired motor learning process by pairing appropriate actions with brain photo-simulation to promote synchronization of neuronal activities. This could contribute to future treatments for neurological and psychiatric diseases in which white matter function is impaired.
  • Liquid metals the secret ingredients to clean up environment
    Liquid metal catalysts show great promise for capturing carbon and cleaning up pollutants, requiring so little energy they can even be created in the kitchen.
  • Physics: An ultrafast glimpse of the photochemistry of the atmosphere
    Researchers have explored the initial consequences of the interaction of light with molecules on the surface of nanoscopic aerosols.
  • Cold temperatures linked to high status
    Researchers have discovered that people associate cold temperatures with luxury items, which is important for companies that are trying to promote products that convey high status.

Popular Mechanics


Popular Science

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Neuroscience

  • Introduce standard units for cannabis to improve mental health
    Introducing and prescribing standard units for cannabis, which make people aware of the concentrations of THC in the product, could help improve mental health treatments and outcomes.
  • Self-reported suicide attempts rising in black teens as other groups decline
    Self-reported suicide attempts rose significantly in African American teens, while they fell in teens of other ethnic backgrounds throughout an almost 20-year study. Researchers report suicide attempts increased at an accelerating rate in African American female teenagers, even as overall female suicide attempts declined.
  • Is bipolar disorder associated with increased risk of Parkinson’s disease?
    Study reveals patients with bipolar disorder have a significantly increased risk of developing Parkinson's disease compared with the general population.
  • Dementia spreads via connected brain networks
    A new brain mapping study allows for individual predictions of the progression of frontotemporal dementia.
  • Gut immunity more developed before birth than previously thought
    The fetal gut has far better developed immune capabilities than previously thought. The findings could help develop new maternal vaccines and provide early insight into potential autoimmune disorders, which may occur later in life.
  • Researcher uses sweat monitors to predict behavioral issues in adolescents severely affected with autism
    Electrodermal activity, which results in an increased level of sweat, was able to determine when an adolescent with server ASD was about to embark on aggressive behavior 60% of the time.
  • New genetic link found for some forms of SIDS
    Researchers tie some cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) with a genetic mutation that causes an inability to process milk, leaving the child vulnerable to sudden heart failure. Future studies will explore if a drug called Elamipretide can help reduce cardiac events in children with the mutation.
  • ‘Sticky’ gene may help Valium calm nerves
    A new study challenges existing theories about how benzodiazepines, such as valium, work to calm nerves. Researchers report a 'sticky' gene called Shisa7 plays a critical role in the regulation of inhibitory neural circuits, and the sedative effects benzodiazepines have on circuit activity.
  • Rare sleep disorder common among veterans with PTSD
    21% of veterans who experience PTSD or traumatic brain injury suffer from a rare sleep condition that affects less than 1% of the general population. The condition, REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), is characterized by an impairment of sleep-related muscle paralysis, causing people to act out dreams during REM sleep. The uncontrolled actions often cause harm to the sufferer of their partners.
  • Habitual tea drinking modulates brain efficiency
    Habitual tea drinking was associated with greater functional connectivity in the default mode network. Findings suggest tea drinking has a positive contribution to brain structure and a protective effect on age-related decline in brain organization.
  • Slower walkers have older brains and bodies at 45
    Slower walkers have accelerated aging in middle age, both physically and cognitively. Tests given to measure IQ, language, motor skills, and emotional control at age 3, can predict walking speed and thus accelerated aging during middle age.
  • Compound in breast milk fights harmful bacteria
    Glycerol monolaurate (GML), a compound found in human breast milk, fights against the effects of harmful bacteria while allowing beneficial bacteria to thrive. GML also inhibits inflammation in epithelial cells, helping to prevent both bacterial and viral infections of the gut. GML is 200 times higher in human breast milk than cow milk. Researchers propose adding GML to infant formula and cow milk given to small children.

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